Aerial survey perspectives on humpback whale resiliency in Maui Nui, Hawaiʻi, in the face of an unprecedented North Pacific marine warming event

Joseph R. Mobley Jr*, Mark H. Deakos, Adam A. Pack, Guilherme Augusto Bortolotto

*Awdur cyfatebol y gwaith hwn

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

3 Dyfyniadau (Scopus)
22 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

After decades of population growth, the central stock of the North Pacific population of humpback whales, known as the Hawaiʻi Distinct Population Segment (HDPS), was delisted from its endangered status in 2016. At that time, however, an unprecedented heating event, the Pacific Marine Heatwave (PMH) was already underway. The PMH coincided with reports of major declines of sightings of humpback whales, including calves of the year, on both the Hawaiian wintering grounds and the feeding grounds of Southeast Alaska. To examine the resiliency of the HDPS, we conducted aerial surveys of the high-density Maui Nui region immediately following the PMH event in 2019 and 2020, using distance sampling methods identical to those used in an earlier series (1993–2003). Results showed whale densities at or above those seen earlier, with mean density for 2020 highest overall. Crude birth rates (percent groups containing a calf) were similarly comparable to those recorded in the earlier series, with an increase from 2019 to 2020. Overall, results suggest the central North Pacific humpback whale population stock to be resilient in the face of this major climatic event.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)842-857
Nifer y tudalennau16
CyfnodolynMarine Mammal Science
Cyfrol39
Rhif cyhoeddi3
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar20 Maw 2023
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 18 Gorff 2023
Cyhoeddwyd yn allanolIe

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