Alternative method for assessment of southwestern Atlantic humpback whale population status

Guilherme Augusto Bortolotto*, Len Thomas, Philip Hammond, Alexandre N. Zerbini

*Awdur cyfatebol y gwaith hwn

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

6 Dyfyniadau (Scopus)
26 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

The population of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) wintering off eastern South America was exploited by commercial whaling almost to the point of extinction in the mid-twentieth century. Since cessation of whaling in the 1970s it is recovering, but the timing and level of recovery is uncertain. We implemented a Bayesian population dynamics model describing the population’s trajectory from 1901 and projecting it to 2040 to revise a previous population status assessment that used Sampling-Importance-Resampling in a Bayesian framework. Using our alternative method for model fitting (Markov chain Monte Carlo), which is more widely accessible to ecologists, we replicate a “base case scenario” to verify the effect on model results, and introduce additional data to update the status assessment. Our approach allowed us to widen the previous informative prior on carrying capacity to better reflect scientific uncertainty around historical population levels. The updated model provided more precise estimates for population sizes over the period considered (1901–2040) and suggests that carrying capacity (K: median 22,882, mean 22,948, 95% credible interval [CI] 22,711–23,545) and minimum population size (N1958: median 305, mean 319, 95% CI 271–444) might be lower than previously estimated (K: median 24,558, mean 25,110, 95% CI 22,791–31,118; N1958: median 503, mean 850, 95% CI 159–3,943). However, posterior 95% credible intervals of parameters in the updated model overlap those of the previous study. Our approach provides an accessible framework for investigating the status of depleted animal populations for which information is available on historical mortality (e.g., catches) and intermittent estimates of population size and/or trend.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Rhif yr erthygle0259541
Nifer y tudalennau13
CyfnodolynPLoS One
Cyfrol16
Rhif cyhoeddi11
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 17 Tach 2021
Cyhoeddwyd yn allanolIe

Ôl bys

Gweld gwybodaeth am bynciau ymchwil 'Alternative method for assessment of southwestern Atlantic humpback whale population status'. Gyda’i gilydd, maen nhw’n ffurfio ôl bys unigryw.

Dyfynnu hyn