An Alternative to ‘Celtic from the East’ and ‘Celtic from the West’

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

6 Dyfyniadau(SciVal)
252 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

This article discusses a problem in integrating archaeology and philology. For most of the twentieth century, archaeologists associated the spread of the Celtic languages with the supposed westward spread of the ‘eastern Hallstatt culture’ in the first millennium bc. More recently, some have discarded ‘Celtic from the East’ in favour of ‘Celtic from the West’, according to which Celtic was a much older lingua franca which evolved from a hypothetical Neolithic Proto-Indo-European language in the Atlantic zone and then spread eastwards in the third millennium bc. This article (1) criticizes the assumptions and misinterpretations of classical texts and onomastics that led to ‘Celtic from the East’ in the first place; (2) notes the unreliability of the linguistic evidence for ‘Celtic from the West’, namely (i) ‘glottochronology’ (which assumes that languages change at a steady rate), (ii) misunderstood place-name distribution maps and (iii) the undeciphered inscriptions in southwest Iberia; and (3) proposes that Celtic radiating from France during the first millennium bc would be a more economical explanation of the known facts
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)511-529
Nifer y tudalennau19
CyfnodolynCambridge Archaeological Journal
Cyfrol30
Rhif cyhoeddi3
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar02 Ebr 2020
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 01 Awst 2020

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