Comparing synthetic and natural grasslands for agricultural production and ecosystem service.

Mike Humphreys, Grace O'Donovan, Micheline Sheehy-Skeffington

Allbwn ymchwil: Pennod mewn Llyfr/Adroddiad/Trafodion CynhadleddTrafodion Cynhadledd (Nid-Cyfnodolyn fathau)

66 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

Whilst the concept of ecosystem service is relatively new, the importance and benefits of natural grasslands to the environment has been long established. These complex bio-diverse ecosystems, as well as sustaining rich communities of flora and fauna, provide a range of environmental benefits including water, nutrient, and carbon capture. However, the perpetuity of natural grasslands and their associated benefits are under increased threat from pressures to feed and house our increasing population, urban expansion, and also through climate change. Regular ploughing and re-sowing of grasslands has led to soil erosion, depletion of scarce nutrient resources, pollution of our waterways, and releases of harmful greenhouse gases, the latter in particular exacerbated by livestock agriculture. A response is necessary both to reduce negativee impacts of agriculture on the environment and wherever possible to engineer a positive ecosystem service. The genomic and phenomic diversity available in grass and clover species and further access to novel variants through hybridisation with wild-type relatives with suitable technologies to assist in their selection, provide alternatives to current plant varieties and increased capacity for efficient and ‛climate-smart’ agricultural practice. Holistic approaches to plant breeding can produce varieties that both safeguard agricultural production and provide some valuable ecosystem service.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
TeitlEGF at 50: the Future of European Grasslands
Is-deitlGrassland Science in Europe
GolygyddionAlan Hopkins
CyhoeddwrGwasg Gomer | Gomer Press
Tudalennau215-229
Nifer y tudalennau14
Cyfrol19
ISBN (Argraffiad)978-0-9926940-1-2
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - Medi 2014

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