‘Dark’ and ‘Clear’ Y in Medieval Welsh Orthography: Caligula versus Teilo

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

109 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)


A famous exception to the ‘phonetic spelling system’ of Welsh is the use of <y> for both /ǝ/ and the retracted high vowel /ɨ(:)/. This double use of <y> was almost universally adopted by c. 1330, when a grammarian labelled /ǝ/ and /ɨ/ as ‘dark y’ and ‘clear y’ and illustrated them with polysyllables such as ystyr /ˈǝstɨr/ ‘meaning’, in which the value of <y> was predictable from the position of <y> in the word. At that time the three-way system of urn:x-wiley:00791636:media:trps12205:trps12205-math-0001 for /i(:)/, ‘dark’ <y>, and ‘clear’ <y> was two centuries old, being first attested in Braint Teilo (‘The Privilege of St Teilo’), c. 1130. Yet the ‘Teilo’ system is rarely attested before c. 1300; instead all three phonemes might be represented by urn:x-wiley:00791636:media:trps12205:trps12205-math-0002, as commonly before 1100, or by <y>; or <e> might be used for /ǝ/ and/or for /ɨ(:)/, as had sometimes occurred in Old Welsh as well. This article argues that one reason, apart from scribal conservatism, for the delay in adopting the ‘Teilo’ system was its failure to distinguish the value of <y> in proclitics such y /ǝ/ ‘the’ and y /ɨ/ ‘his/her’ and ‘to’. For this the ultimately abortive ‘Caligula’ system (c. 1250) had offered a solution.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)1-39
Nifer y tudalennau39
CyfnodolynTransactions of the Philological Society
Rhif cyhoeddi1
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar04 Meh 2021
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 23 Gorff 2021

Ôl bys

Gweld gwybodaeth am bynciau ymchwil '‘Dark’ and ‘Clear’ Y in Medieval Welsh Orthography: Caligula versus Teilo'. Gyda’i gilydd, maen nhw’n ffurfio ôl bys unigryw.

Dyfynnu hyn