Distributed Acoustic Sensing of Seismic Properties in a Borehole Drilled on a Fast-Flowing Greenlandic Outlet Glacier

Adam D. Booth, Poul Christoffersen, Charlotte Schoonman, Andy Clarke, Bryn Hubbard, Rob Law, Samuel H. Doyle, Thomas R. Chudley, Athena Chalari

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

50 Dyfyniadau (Scopus)
121 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) is a new technology in which seismic energy is detected, at high spatial and temporal resolution, using the propagation of laser pulses in a fiber-optic cable. We show analyses from the first glaciological borehole DAS deployment to measure the englacial and subglacial seismic properties of Store Glacier, a fast-flowing outlet of the Greenland Ice Sheet. We record compressional and shear waves in 1,043 m-deep vertical seismic profiles, sampled at 10 m vertical resolution, and detect a transition from isotropic to anisotropic ice at 84% of ice thickness, consistent with the Holocene-Wisconsin transition. We identify subglacial reflections originating from the base of a 20 m-thick layer of consolidated sediment and, from attenuation measurements, interpret temperate ice in the lowermost 100 m of the glacier. Our findings highlight the promising potential of DAS technology to constrain the seismic properties of glaciers and ice sheets.

Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Rhif yr erthygle2020GL088148
Nifer y tudalennau10
CyfnodolynGeophysical Research Letters
Cyfrol47
Rhif cyhoeddi13
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar07 Gorff 2020
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 16 Gorff 2020

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