From Saccades to Grasping: A Model of Coordinated Reaching Through Simulated Development on a Humanoid Robot

James Alexander Law, Patricia Hazel Shaw, Mark Howard Lee, Michael Timothy Sheldon

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

198 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)


Infants demonstrate remarkable talents in learning to control their sensory and motor systems. In particular the ability to reach to objects using visual feedback requires overcoming several issues related to coordination, spatial transformations, redundancy, and complex learning spaces. This paper describes a model of longitudinal development that covers the full sequence from blind motor babbling to successful grasping of seen objects. This includes the learning of saccade control, gaze control, torso control, and visually-elicited reaching and grasping in 3-D space. This paper builds on and extends our prior investigations into the development of gaze control, eye-hand coordination, the use of constraints to shape learning, and a schema memory system for the learning of sensorimotor experience. New contributions include our application of the LWPR algorithm to learn how movements of the torso affect the robot's representation of space, and the first use of the schema framework to enable grasping and interaction with objects. The results from our integration of these various components into an implementation of longitudinal development on an iCub robot show their ability to generate infant-like development, from a start point with zero coordination up to skilled spatial reaching in less than three hours.

Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Rhif yr erthygl6776396
Tudalennau (o-i)93-109
Nifer y tudalennau17
CyfnodolynIEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development
Rhif cyhoeddi2
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar20 Maw 2014
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 30 Meh 2014

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