Global agricultural intensification during climate change: a role for genomics

Michael Terence Abberton, Jacqueline Batley, Alison bentley, John Bryant, Hongwei cai, James Cockram, Antonio Costa de Oliveira, Leland Cseke, Hannes Dempewolf, Ciro de Pace, David Edwards, Paul Gepts, Andy Greenland, Anthony Hall, Robert Henry, Kiyosumi Hori, Glen Thomas Howe, Stephen Hughes, Mike Humphreys, David LightfootAthole Marshall, Sean Mayes, Henry Nguyen, Francis C Ogbonnaya, Rodomiro Ortiz, Andrew H Paterson, Roberto Tuberosa, Babu Valliyodan, Rajeev K Varshney, Masahiro Yano

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynAdolygu Llenyddiaethadolygiad gan gymheiriaid

171 Dyfyniadau(SciVal)
174 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

Agriculture is now facing the ‘perfect storm’ of climate change, increasing costs of fertilizer and rising food demands from a larger and wealthier human population. These factors point to a global food deficit unless the efficiency and resilience of crop production is increased. The intensification of agriculture has focused on improving production under optimized conditions, with significant agronomic inputs. Furthermore, the intensive cultivation of a limited number
of crops has drastically narrowed the number of plant species humans rely on. A new agricultural paradigm is required, reducing dependence on high inputs and increasing crop diversity, yield stability and environmental resilience. Genomics offers unprecedented opportunities to increase crop yield, quality and stability of production through advanced breeding strategies, enhancing the resilience of major crops to climate variability, and increasing the productivity and range of minor crops to diversify the food supply. Here we review the state of the art of genomic-assisted breeding for the most important staples that feed the world, and how to use and adapt such genomic tools to accelerate development of
both major and minor crops with desired traits that enhance adaptation to, or mitigate theeffects of climate change.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)1095-1098
Nifer y tudalennau4
CyfnodolynPlant Biotechnology Journal
Cyfrol14
Rhif cyhoeddi4
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar11 Medi 2015
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 22 Maw 2016

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