Illness and elevated Human Mortality in Europe Coincident with the Laki Fissure eruption

S. Taylor, Michael Durand, John Grattan

Allbwn ymchwil: Pennod mewn Llyfr/Adroddiad/Trafodion CynhadleddPennod

57 Dyfyniadau (Scopus)
384 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

Volcanic eruptions represent a significant source of volatile gases that are harmful to human health. This chapter reviews and develops current understanding of the human health response to volcanogenic pollution and dry fog events; in particular it explores the health impact of the gases from the Laki fissure eruption, and presents data that point to a significant increase in the national death rate in England coincident with the early phases of the eruption. It is noted that many common symptoms of severe exposure to air pollution can be linked to the dry fog of 1783; these included difficulty in breathing, eye and skin irritation, headaches, loss of appetite and tiredness. Such multitudes are indisposed by fevers in this country, that farmers have with difficulty gathered in their harvest, the labourers having been almost every day carried out of the field incapable of work and many die. (Cowper Letters, 1783)
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
TeitlVolcanic Degassing: Geological Society, Special Publication 213
CyhoeddwrGeological Society of London
Tudalennau401-414
Nifer y tudalennau14
Cyfrol213
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 2003

Cyfres gyhoeddiadau

EnwGeological Society Special Publication
CyhoeddwrGeological Society of London
ISSN (Argraffiad)0305-8719

Ôl bys

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