Influence of root competition on compatibility between white clover and perennial ryegrass populations during seedling establishment

Rosemary Collins, I. P. Rhodes

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

Crynodeb

Plants of a white clover population, Ac 3785, were grown in binary mixtures with perennial ryegrass cv. Talbot and the ‘coexisting’ population, Ba 10281, in boxes. Treatments imposed were ‘no root competition’ and ‘full competition’, which prevented or allowed the root systems of the competing species to intermingle respectively. Shoot competition was permitted in both treatments. Measurements of dry-matter yield and leaf area of the clover and grasses were made on three occasions following sowing.

The dry-matter yield of both grasses was higher than that of clover at all three harvests and under both treatments, and this yield advantage tended to increase with time. Both grasses yielded more under full competition than where root competition was prevented. Talbot was higher yielding than the coexisting population under both treatments. Clover dry weight and leaf area index (LAI) were considerably higher under the ‘no root competition’ treatment. There was no effect of companion grass on clover dry weight, but clover LAI was significantly higher with its coexisting population than with Talbot in the ‘no root competition’ treatment.

The LAI and dry weight data indicate that clover leaf morphology changed in response to the companion grass where root competition was prevented. Thus, the superior aerial compatibility of Ac 3785 with its coexisting grass was limited by below-ground factors. Possible ecological reasons for this effect are discussed
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)506-509
Nifer y tudalennau4
CyfnodolynGrass and Forage Science
Cyfrol49
Rhif cyhoeddi4
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - Rhag 1994

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