Microbial mitigation of hazardous compounds in agro-ecosystems

Devanita Ghosh, David E. Whitworth, Hendrik Schäfer, Srinivasan Krishnamurthi, Pradipta Saha*

*Awdur cyfatebol y gwaith hwn

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl olygyddol

24 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

Currently, many agro-ecosystems are contaminated with toxic, hazardous compounds which can be broadly categorized as (a) anthropocentrically introduced xenobiotic agrochemicals (e.g., pesticides, insecticides, and fungicides), (b) secondary metabolites produced as a result of plant-microbe interactions, and (c) heavy metals which are mainly introduced through natural and anthropogenic processes. Organophosphates (OP), carbamates, pyrethroids, and neonicotinoids are among the most dominant groups of xenobiotic agrochemicals reported globally. These are highly toxic to non-target organisms including humans and many have been banned by the US Environmental Protection Agency or the European Union. Among these, neonicotinoids were introduced recently (in the 1990s), being comparatively less toxic to non-target higher vertebrates and most extensively used (149 crops in 120 countries). An example of a naturally produced hazardous compound is Deoxynivalenol (vomitoxin, DON), which is a highly toxic secondary metabolite (mycotoxin) produced by the mold Fusarium while infecting staple crops. Finally, Pb, Cr, Cd, As, Zn, Cu, and Fe are commonly encountered heavy metals in agroecosystems globally.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Rhif yr erthygl1015111
Nifer y tudalennau3
CyfnodolynFrontiers in Microbiology
Cyfrol13
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar13 Hyd 2022
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 13 Hyd 2022

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