Origin and Fate of Vanadium in the Hazeltine Creek Catchment following the 2014 Mount Polley Mine Tailings Spill in British Columbia, Canada

Karen A. Hudson-Edwards, Patrick Byrne, Graham Bird, Paul Brewer, Ian Burke, Heather Jamieson, Mark Macklin, Richard Williams

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

24 Dyfyniadau(SciVal)
236 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

Results from the analysis of aqueous and solid-phase V speciation within samples collected from the Hazeltine Creek catchment affected by the August 2014 Mount Polley mine tailings dam failure in British Columbia, Canada, are presented. Electron microprobe and X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) analysis found that V is present as V 3+ substituted into magnetite and V 3+ and V 4+ substituted into titanite, both of which occur in the spilled Mount Polley tailings. Secondary Fe oxyhydroxides forming in inflow waters and on creek beds have V K-edge XANES spectra exhibiting E1/2 positions and pre-edge features consistent with the presence of V 5+ species, suggesting sorption of this species on these secondary phases. PHREEQC modeling suggests that the stream waters mostly contain V 5+ and the inflow and pore waters contain a mixture of V 3+ and V 5+. These data, and stream, inflow, and pore water chemical data, suggest that dissolution of V(III)-bearing magnetite, V(III)- and V(IV)-bearing titanite, V(V)-bearing Fe(-Al-Si-Mn) oxhydroxides, and V-bearing Al(OH) 3 and/or clay minerals may have occurred. In the circumneutral pH environment of Hazeltine Creek, elevated V concentrations are likely naturally attenuated by formation of V(V)-bearing secondary Fe oxyhydroxide, Al(OH) 3, or clay mineral colloids, suggesting that the V is not bioavailable. A conceptual model describing the origin and fate of V in Hazeltine Creek that is applicable to other river systems is presented.

Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)4088-4098
Nifer y tudalennau11
CyfnodolynEnvironmental Science & Technology
Cyfrol53
Rhif cyhoeddi8
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar04 Maw 2019
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 16 Ebr 2019

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