Potassium deficiency affects the carbon-nitrogen balance in cotton leaves

Wei Hu, Taylor D. Coomer, Dimitra Loka, Derrick M. Oosterhuis, Zhiguo Zhou

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

109 Dyfyniadau (Scopus)
615 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

Potassium (K) plays important roles in the metabolism of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N), but studies of K deficiency affecting C-N balance are lacking. This study explored the influence of K deficiency on C-N interaction in cotton leaves by conducting a field experiment with cotton cultivar DP0912 under two K rates (K0: 0 kg K2O ha−1 and K67: 67 kg K2O ha−1) and a controlled environment experiment with K-deficient solution (K1: 0 mM K+) and K-sufficient solution (K2: 6 mM K+). The results showed that leaf K content, leaf number, leaf area, boll number, reproductive dry weight and total dry weight were significant lower under K deficiency (K0 or K1). Lower total chlorophyll content and Chl a/b ratio, and decreased Pn along with lower Gs and higher Ci were measured under K deficiency, suggesting that the decrease in Pn was resulted from non-stomatal limitation. Leaf glucose, fructose, sucrose and starch contents were higher under K deficiency, because lower sucrose export was detected in phloem. Although leaf nitrate and ammonium contents significantly decreased, free amino acid content was increased by 40–63% under K deficiency, since lower amino acid export was also measured in phloem. K deficiency also induced lower soluble protein content in leaves. Leaf ATP level was significantly increased under K deficiency, indicating ATP utilization was lower, so that less energy was supplied to C and N metabolism. The ratio of soluble sugar to free amino acid and the C/N ratio markedly increased under K deficiency, and one reason was that the phloem export reduced more prominent for sucrose (54.6–78.0%) than amino acid (36.7–85.4%) under K deficiency. In addition, lower phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activity limited malate and citrate biosynthesis under K deficiency, causing a decrease of C flux into the amino acids, which was not beneficial for maintaining C-N balance. Sucrose phosphate synthase and nitrate reductase activities were lower under K deficiency, which would limit sucrose biosynthesis and nitrate assimilation. This was another factor altering soluble sugar to free amino acid ratio and C/N ratio in the K-deficient leaves
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)408-417
CyfnodolynPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Cyfrol115
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar06 Ebr 2017
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 01 Meh 2017

Ôl bys

Gweld gwybodaeth am bynciau ymchwil 'Potassium deficiency affects the carbon-nitrogen balance in cotton leaves'. Gyda’i gilydd, maen nhw’n ffurfio ôl bys unigryw.

Dyfynnu hyn