The general scientific objective of the ASPERA-4 (Analyser of Space Plasmas and Energetic Atoms) experiment is to study the solar wind-atmosphere interaction and characterise the plasma and neutral gas environment in the near-Venus space through energetic neutral atom (ENA) imaging and local charged particle measurements. The studies to be performed address the fundamental question: How strongly do the interplanetary plasma and electromagnetic fields affect the Venusian atmosphere? The ASPERA-4 instrument comprises four sensors; two ENA sensors, electron and ion spectrometers. The neutral particle imager (NPI) provides measurements of the integral ENA flux (0.1-60 keV) with no mass and energy resolution but relatively high angular resolution. The neutral particle detector (NPD) provides measurements of the ENA flux, resolving velocity (0.1-10 keV) and mass (H and O) with a coarse angular resolution. The electron spectrometer (ELS) is a standard top-hat electrostatic analyser in a very compact design. These three sensors are located on a scanning platform providing a 4 π coverage. The instrument also contains an ion mass composition sensor, IMA (ion mass analyser). Mechanically, IMA is a separate unit electrically connected with the ASPERA-4 main unit. IMA provides ion measurements in the energy range 0.01-36 keV/q for the main ion components H+, He++, He+, and the ion group with M / q 20 - 80 amu / q.