The biogeography of red snow microbiomes and their role in melting arctic glaciers

Stefanie Lutz, Alexandre M. Anesio, Rob Raiswell, Arwyn Edwards, Rob J. Newton, Fiona Gill, Liane G. Benning

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygladolygiad gan gymheiriaid

151 Dyfyniadau(SciVal)
183 Wedi eu Llwytho i Lawr (Pure)

Crynodeb

The Arctic is melting at an unprecedented rate and key drivers are changes in snow and ice albedo. Here we show that red snow, a common algal habitat blooming after the onset of melting, plays a crucial role in decreasing albedo. Our data reveal that red pigmented snow algae are cosmopolitan as well as independent of location-specific geochemical and mineralogical factors. The patterns for snow algal diversity, pigmentation and, consequently albedo, are ubiquitous across the Arctic and the reduction in albedo accelerates snow melt and increases the time and area of exposed bare ice. We estimated that the overall decrease in snow albedo by red pigmented snow algal blooms over the course of one melt season can be 13%. This will invariably result in higher melt rates. We argue that such a ‘bio-albedo’ effect has to be considered in climate models.
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Rhif yr erthygl11968
Nifer y tudalennau9
CyfnodolynNature Communications
Cyfrol7
Rhif cyhoeddiN/A
Dynodwyr Gwrthrych Digidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 22 Meh 2016

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