Piecewise-Linear Manifold Learning

  • Harry Strange

Traethawd ymchwil myfyriwr: Traethawd Ymchwil DoethurolDoethur mewn Athroniaeth

Crynodeb

The need to reduce the dimensionality of a dataset whilst retaining inherent
manifold structure is key in many pattern recognition, machine learning and
computer vision tasks. This process is often referred to as manifold learning
since the structure is preserved during dimensionality reduction by learning the
intrinsic low-dimensional manifold that the data lies on. Since the inception of
manifold learning much research has been carried out into the most effective
way of tackling this problem. Two main streams emerged to tackle the task:
local and global methods. Each aim to preserve either local or global properties
of the data. However, in recent years a third stream of research has come forth:
global alignment of local models, which aims to preserve local properties over a
global scale. We present a framework to tackle this local/global problem that
approximates the manifold as a set of piecewise linear models (Piecewise Lin-
ear Manifold Learning ). By merging these linear models in an order defined
by their global topology, we can obtain a globally stable, and locally accurate
model of the manifold. Examining the local properties of the data also allows
us to present a generalisation to one of the main open problems in manifold
learning | the out-of-sample extension. This problem is concerned with embedding new samples into a previously learnt low-dimensional embedding. Our solution | GOoSE | exploits the local geometry of the manifold to project
novel samples into a low-dimensional embedding independent of what manifold
learning algorithm was initially used. The results obtained for both Piecewise
Linear Manifold Learning and GOoSE are significantly improved over existing
state of the art algorithms
Dyddiad Dyfarnu2011
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Sefydliad Dyfarnu
  • Prifysgol Aberystwyth
GoruchwyliwrReyer Zwiggelaar (Goruchwylydd)

Dyfynnu hyn

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