Global Mangrove Watch: Monthly Alerts of Mangrove Loss for Africa 2019--2022

  • Pete Bunting (Creator)
  • Lammert Hilarides (Creator)
  • Ake Rosenqvist (Creator)
  • Richard Lucas (Creator)
  • Edmond Kuto (Creator)
  • Yakhya Gueye (Creator)
  • Laye Ndiaye (Creator)



This results from a prototype change alert system (Bunting et al., 2023) that has been developed to identify mangrove losses on a monthly basis. Implemented on the Microsoft Planetary Computer, the Global Mangrove Watch v3.0 mangrove baseline extent map (Bunting et al., 2022) for 2018 was refined and used to define the mangrove extent mask under which potential losses would be identified. The study period was 2018-2022 due to the availability of the Copernicus Sentinel-2 imagery used for the study. The alert system is based on optimised NDVI thresholds used to identify mangrove losses and a temporal scoring system used to filter false positives. The alert system was found to have an estimated overall accuracy of 92.1 %, with the alert commission and omission estimated to be 10.4 % and 20.6 %, respectively. The alert system is presently limited to Africa, where significant losses were identified in the study period, with 90 % of the loss alerts identified in Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mozambique and Guinea. The drivers of those losses vary, with West Africa primarily driven by economic activities such as agricultural conversion and infrastructure development. At the same time, East Africa is dominated by climatic drivers, primarily storm frequency and intensity. Production of the monthly loss alerts for Africa will be continued as part of the wider Global Mangrove Watch project, and the spatial coverage is expected to be expanded over the coming months and years. Future updates of the mangrove loss alerts will be via the Global Mangrove Watch portal:
Date made available19 Dec 2022

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