North Atlantic storminess can affect human settlements, infrastructure and transport links, all of which strongly impact on local, national and global economies. An increase in storm frequency and intensity is predicted over the NE Atlantic in the 21st century as a result of a northward shift in storm tracks and a persistently positive North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), probably in response to anthropogenic climate change. Although documentary records of North Atlantic storminess exist, these are generally limited to the last c. 1000-2000 years. This paper presents a continuous high-resolution proxy record of storminess spanning the last 8000 years from a 6m long core taken from a peat bog in Northern Scotland. Bromine concentrations in the peat, derived from sea spray, are used to reconstruct storm frequency and storm intensity, and mire surface wetness is used as an indicator of longer-term climate shifts. The results suggest a strong relationship between positive phases of the NAO and storminess. Subtle differences between the bromine concentrations and the mire surface wetness suggest that high intensity but perhaps less frequent periods of storminess are not necessarily associated with a wetter climate.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Quaternary Science|
|Early online date||13 Sept 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Nov 2017|
- Holocene storminess
- mire surface
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- Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Department of Geography and Earth Sciences - Professor, Head of Department (Geography)
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