A comparative study of the thermal and dynamic mechanical behaviour of quenched and annealed bioresorbable poly-l-lactide/α-tricalcium phosphate nanocomposites

Samuel I. J. Wilberforce*, Christopher Edward Finlayson, Serena M. Best, Ruth E. Cameron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Despite numerous reports on the degradation properties and biological efficacy of bioresorbable polymer nanocomposites intended for use in orthopaedics, there is currently limited literature addressing their thermal and load-bearing properties, which are of central importance to the successful design of these nanocomposites Here we demonstrate that the storage moduli at 37 degrees C and the glass transition temperatures of quenched poly-L-lactide/alpha-tricalcium phosphate nanocomposites were lower than those of annealed nanocomposites while the damping factor tan delta values of the quenched nanocomposites were higher than those of the annealed nanocomposites This was due to the highly crystalline structure of the annealed samples, as confirmed by wide angle X-ray diffraction The higher storage moduli and glass transition temperatures of the annealed nanocomposites implies that higher energy will be generated to resist deformation with the possibility for reduced polymer chain mobility during in vivo use. Therefore, the decision as to whether to use quenched or annealed nanocomposites depends on the load-bearing conditions prevailing at the site of implantation The storage moduli of the nanocomposites at 37 degrees C approached the lower range of the storage modulus for cortical bone and this may prevent stress shielding during bone regeneration (C) 2011 Acta Materialia Inc Published by Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2176-2184
Number of pages9
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume7
Issue number5
Early online date09 Feb 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • Glass transition temperature
  • PLLA
  • COMPOSITES
  • LAURIC ACID
  • COLD CRYSTALLIZATION
  • POLY(L-LACTIC ACID)
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • Storage modulus
  • NANOPARTICLES
  • DEGRADATION
  • STRAIN-RATE
  • Nanocomposite
  • Poly-L-lactide
  • Calcium phosphate

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