A cross-sectional study to identify the distribution and characteristics of licensed and unlicensed private drug shops in rural Eastern Uganda to inform an iCCM intervention to improve health outcomes for children under five years

Denise Buckner, Freddy Eric Kitutu, Dónall Cross, Esther Nakamoga, Phyllis Awor

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8 Citations (SciVal)
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Abstract

Introduction
Malaria, pneumonia and diarrhea are leading causes of death in young children in Uganda. Between 50–60% of sick children receive treatment from the private sector, especially drug shops. There is an urgent need to improve quality of care and regulation of private drug shops in Uganda. This study was conducted to determine the distribution, the licensing status and characteristics of drug shops in four sub-districts of Kamuli district.

Methods
This study was part of a pre-post cross sectional study that examined the implementation of an integrated Community Case Management (iCCM) intervention for common childhood illness in rural private drug shops in Kamuli District in Eastern Uganda. This mapping exercise used a snowball sampling technique to identify licensed and unlicensed drug shops and collect information about their characteristics. Data were collected using a questionnaire. GPS data were collected for all drug shops.

Analysis
Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS for descriptive statistics. Open ended questions were entered into NVivo 10 and analyzed using thematic analysis strategies.

Results
In total, 215 drug shops in 284 villages were located. Of these, 123 (57%) were open and consented to an interview. Only 12 (10%) drug shops were licensed, 93 (76%) were unlicensed, and the licensing status of 18 (15%) was unknown. Most respondents were the owner of the drug shop (88%); most drug sellers reported their qualification as nursing assistants (70%). Drug sellers reported licensing fees and costs of contracting an “in-charge” as barriers to licensing. Nearly all drug shops sold drugs for malaria (91%) and antibiotics (79%)
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0209641
JournalPLoS One
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  • Antidiarrheals/therapeutic use
  • Antimalarials/therapeutic use
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diarrhea/drug therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Malaria/drug therapy
  • Male
  • Pharmacies/legislation & jurisprudence
  • Pneumonia/drug therapy
  • Uganda

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