A laboratory approach on the hybrid-enhanced oil recovery techniques with different saline brines in sandstone reservoirs

Yisheng Hu, Qiurong Cheng, Jinping Yang, Lifeng Zhang, Afshin Davarpanah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Downloads (Pure)


As foams are not thermodynamically stable and might be collapsed, foam stability is defined by interfacial properties and bulk solution. In this paper, we investigated foam injection and different salinity brines such as NaCl, CaCl2, KCl, and MgCl2 to measure cumulative oil production. According to the results of this experiment, it is concluded that sequential low-salinity water injections with KCl and foam flooding have provided the highest cumulative oil production in sandstone reservoirs. This issue is related to high wettability changes that had been caused by the KCl. As K+ is a monovalent cation, KCl has the highest wettability changes compared to other saline brines and formation water at 1000 ppm, which is due to the higher wettability changes of potassium (K+) over other saline ions. The interfacial tension for KCl at the lowest value is 1000 ppm and, for MgCl2, has the highest value in this concentration. Moreover, the formation brine, regarding its high value of salty components, had provided lower cumulative oil production before and after foam injection as it had mobilized more in the high permeable zones and, therefore, large volumes of oil would be trapped in the small permeable zones. This was caused by the low wettability alteration of the formation brine. Thereby, formation water flowed in large pores and the oil phase remained in small pores and channels. On the other hand, as foams played a significant role in the mobility control and sweep efficiency, at 2 pore volume, foam increased the pressure drop dramatically after brine injection. Consequently, foam injection after KCl brine injection had the maximum oil recovery factor of 63.14%. MgCl2 and formation brine had 41.21% and 36.51% oil recovery factor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1051
Number of pages9
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2020


  • Cumulative oil production
  • Foam flooding
  • Low-salinity water
  • Sandstone reservoirs
  • Wettability change


Dive into the research topics of 'A laboratory approach on the hybrid-enhanced oil recovery techniques with different saline brines in sandstone reservoirs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this