Accounting for the thickness effect in dynamic spherical indentation of a viscoelastic layer: Application to non-destructive testing of articular cartilage

I. Argatov, A. U. Daniels, G. Mishuris*, S. Ronken, D. Wirz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

In recent years, dynamic indentation tests have been shown to be useful both in identification of mechanical properties of biological tissues (such as articular cartilage) and assessing their viability. We consider frictionless flat-ended and spherical sinusoidally-driven indentation tests utilizing displacement-controlled loading protocol. Articular cartilage tissue is modeled as a viscoelastic material with a time-independent Poisson's ratio. We study the dynamic indentation stiffness with the aim of formulating criteria for evaluation the quality of articular cartilage in order to be able to discriminate its degenerative state. In particular, evaluating the dynamic indentation stiffness at the turning point of the flat-ended indentation test, we introduce the so-called incomplete storage modulus. Considering the time difference between the time moments when the dynamic stiffness vanishes (contact force reaches its maximum) and the dynamic stiffness becomes infinite (indenter displacement reaches its maximum), we introduce the so-called incomplete loss angle. Analogous quantities can be introduced in the spherical sinusoidally-driven indentation test, however, to account for the thickness effect, a special approach is required. We apply an asymptotic modeling approach for analyzing and interpreting the results of the dynamic spherical indentation test in terms of the geometrical parameter of the indenter and viscoelastic characteristics of the material. Some implications to non-destructive indentation diagnostics of cartilage degeneration are discussed. (C) 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-317
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • HALF-SPACE
  • Viscoelastic contact problem
  • NANOINDENTATION
  • ASYMPTOTIC MODELS
  • MODULUS
  • Cartilage layer
  • CONTACT PROBLEMS
  • PUNCH
  • Dynamic indentation test
  • INDENTERS
  • ELASTIC LAYER
  • INSTRUMENT
  • COMPRESSION
  • Asymptotic model

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