An interdisciplinary perspective on artificial immune systems

J. Timmis*, P. Andrews, N. Owens, E. Clark

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

86 Citations (SciVal)


This review paper attempts to position the area of Artificial Immune Systems (AIS) in a broader context of interdisciplinary research. We review AIS based on an established conceptual framework that encapsulates mathematical and computational modelling of immunology, abstraction and then development of engineered systems. We argue that AIS are much more than engineered systems inspired by the immune system and that there is a great deal for both immunology and engineering to learn from each other through working in an interdisciplinary manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-26
Number of pages22
JournalEvolutionary Intelligence
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • Applications of artificial immune systems
  • Artificial immune systems
  • Computational immunology
  • Computational modelling
  • Immune inspired computing
  • Immunocomputing
  • Immunological modelling
  • Mathematical modelling


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