An NAD+-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH; EC 188.8.131.52) was cloned from the ruminal ciliate protozoan, Entodinium caudatum. The gene had high sequence similarity to GDH genes from the Bacteroides (class) – a class of bacteria which is highly represented in the rumen. When expressed in Escherichia coli the enzyme had a high affinity for ammonia and α-ketoglutarate (apparent Km of 2.33 and 0.71 mM, respectively) and a low affinity for glutamate (apparent Km of 98 mM). GDH activity and GDH mRNA concentration were increased by incubating washed E. caudatum cells with ammonia and antibiotics. These results suggest that the GDH is an anabolic enzyme catalysing the assimilation of ammonia by E. caudatum in the rumen and that the gene was probably acquired by lateral gene transfer from a ruminal bacterium.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||FEMS Microbiology Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Jun 2005|
- Ammonia uptake
- Entodinium caudatum
- Glutamate dehydrogenase