Abstract
Evolutionary dynamic optimisation has become one of the most active research areas in evolutionary computation. We consider the Balance function for which the poor expected performance of the (1+1) EA at low frequencies of change has been shown in the literature. We analyse the impact of populations and diversity mechanisms towards the robustness of evolutionary algorithms with respect to frequencies of change. We rigorously prove that there exists a sufficiently low frequency of change such that the (μ+1) EA without diversity requires exponential time with overwhelming probability for sublinear population sizes. The same result also holds if the algorithm is equipped with a genotype diversity mechanism. Furthermore we prove that a crowding mechanism makes the performance of the (μ+1) EA much worse (i.e., it is inefficient for any population size). On the positive side we prove that, independently of the frequency of change, a fitnessdiversity mechanism turns the runtime from exponential to polynomial. Finally, we show how a careful use of fitnesssharing together with a crowding mechanism is effective already with a population of size 2. We shed light through experiments when our theoretical results do not cover the whole parameter range.
Original language  English 

Pages (fromto)  3756 
Number of pages  20 
Journal  Theoretical Computer Science 
Volume  561 
Issue number  A 
Early online date  23 Oct 2014 
DOIs  
Publication status  Published  04 Jan 2015 
Externally published  Yes 
Keywords
 Evolutionary dynamic optimisation, Diversity mechanisms, Runtime analysis, Populations
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Christine Zarges
 Faculty of Business and Physcial Sciences, Department of Computer Science  Senior Lecturer
Person: Teaching And Research