Analysis of Plant Cell Walls by Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier transform Infrared Spectroscopy: FTIR of Plant Cell Walls

Ricardo da Costa, William Barrett, Jose Manuel Carli, Gordon Allison

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Citations (SciVal)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform mid-infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy is widely applicable for the chemical analysis of biological materials, relatively inexpensive, requires only simple sample preparation, and is of comparatively high-throughput compared to traditional wet chemical or chromatographic methods. It is particularly well suited for the nondestructive analysis of dried and finely ground plant samples for the subsequent prediction of cell wall and other compositional or processing parameters using chemometric regression models. Furthermore, analysis of mid IR spectra by nonregression methods (e.g., principal component analysis) provides a straightforward approach for multivariate comparison of the effects of experimental, processing, and environmental treatments, and genotypic and temporal differences on chemical composition including changes in cell wall composition. There is thus great potential for using ATR-FTIR in the lignocellulosic biomass industry at a number of levels. Here we describe methods for cell wall sample preparation and generation of ATR-FTIR spectra, and suggest techniques for the statistical analysis and/or chemometric pattern recognition between the analyzed samples.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Plant Cell Wall
Subtitle of host publicationMethods and Protocols
EditorsZoë Popper
PublisherSpringer Nature
Chapter16
Pages297-313
Number of pages17
Volume2149
Edition2
ISBN (Electronic)9781071606216
ISBN (Print)9781071606193
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume2149
ISSN (Print)1064-3745
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6029

Keywords

  • Cell Wall
  • Lignocellulose
  • Biomass
  • FTIR
  • PCA
  • PLS
  • Multivariate
  • Biofuel
  • Recalcitrance
  • Cell wall
  • Solvents
  • Cell Wall/chemistry
  • Starch/isolation & purification
  • Solubility
  • Metabolome
  • Organic Chemicals/chemistry
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared/methods
  • Plant Leaves/chemistry
  • Least-Squares Analysis
  • Principal Component Analysis

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