Angular-resolved study of secondary-electron emission from NEA diamond surfaces

M. Lübbe*, D. A. Evans, T. U. Kampen, K. Okano, D. R.T. Zahn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (SciVal)


We studied the angular distribution of secondary electrons emitted from different diamond surfaces using angular-resolved ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (ARUPS). On a boron-doped lib type natural diamond, smooth and clean (111) surfaces were prepared by polishing and vacuum annealing. A negative electron affinity (NEA) was established by applying cesium at different coverages. The intensity of the secondary-electron emission, which originates from thermalized electrons collected in the conduction-band minimum, as well as the low-energy cutoff of the spectra were studied for different emission angles with respect to the sample surface and for different cesium coverages. While the intensity is peaked in the direction normal to the sample surface, we observed an upward dispersion of the low-energy cutoff of the spectra for off-normal detection angles. A theoretical model for this behavior is given. The same effects are evident to a lower extent for a polycrystalline, boron-doped, chemical vapor deposited (CVD) diamond film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1485-1489
Number of pages5
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Issue number8-9
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1999


  • Band structure
  • Diamond
  • Electron spectroscopy
  • Surface


Dive into the research topics of 'Angular-resolved study of secondary-electron emission from NEA diamond surfaces'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this