Artificial immune systems - Today and tomorrow

Jon Timmis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Citations (SciVal)


In this position paper, we argue that the field of artificial immune systems (AIS) has reached an impasse. For many years, immune inspired algorithms, whilst having some degree of success, have been limited by the lack of theoretical advances, the adoption of a naive immune inspired approach and the limited application of AIS to challenging problems. We review the current state of the AIS approach, and suggest a number of challenges to the AIS community that can be undertaken to help move the area forward.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalNatural Computing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007


  • Artificial immune system
  • Future directions
  • Position paper


Dive into the research topics of 'Artificial immune systems - Today and tomorrow'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this