Bovine tuberculosis: A review of current and emerging diagnostic techniques in view of their relevance for disease control and eradication

I. Schiller*, B. Oesch, H. M. Vordermeier, M. V. Palmer, B. N. Harris, K. A. Orloski, B. M. Buddle, T. C. Thacker, K. P. Lyashchenko, W. R. Waters

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

234 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Existing strategies for long-term bovine tuberculosis (bTB) control/eradication campaigns are being reconsidered in many countries because of the development of new testing technologies, increased global trade, continued struggle with wildlife reservoirs of bTB, redistribution of international trading partners/agreements, and emerging financial and animal welfare constraints on herd depopulation. Changes under consideration or newly implemented include additional control measures to limit risks with imported animals, enhanced programs to mitigate wildlife reservoir risks, re-evaluation of options to manage bTB-affected herds/regions, modernization of regulatory framework(s) to re-focus control efforts, and consideration of emerging testing technologies (i.e. improved or new tests) for use in bTB control/eradication programs. Traditional slaughter surveillance and test/removal strategies will likely be augmented by incorporation of new technologies and more targeted control efforts. The present review provides an overview of current and emerging bTB testing strategies/tools and a vision for incorporation of emerging technologies into the current control/eradication programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-220
Number of pages16
JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Bovine
  • Cell-Mediated immunity test
  • Culture
  • Eradication
  • Mycobacterium bovis
  • PCR
  • Serology
  • strain typing
  • Tuberculosis

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