The maximum temperature (34'C) at which perennial ryegrass plants from one breeding population successfully shed pollen was determined and the seed set of ten clones taken from the same population and self-pollinated both in an unheated glasshouse and at a constant 34'C during anthesis was compared . Seed set by selfing of all ten clones was markedly increased by heat treatment, from a mean of 2 .3% to 30 .7% . Heat treatment of anthers, but not stigmas, greatly enhanced pollen tube growth on stigmas from the same genotype. Germination of progeny was not affected by the heat treatment . Heat treatment of ten clones from a breeding population with contrasting morphology and growth rate was not so successful . Only one clone shed pollen freely at 34° C and showed a marked improvement in subsequent seed set . The advantages to the breeder of routinely producing full-sib families of elite perennial ryegrass parents by selfing are outlined .
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1992|
- Lolium perenne
- perennial ryegrass
- breeding methods