Brief Lifestyle Interventions for Prediabetes in Primary Care: A Service Evaluation

Rhys Thatcher, Nicholas Gregory, Wai-Yee Cheung, Gareth Dunseath, Sharon Parsons, Mark Goodwin, Stephen Luzio

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Background The increasing number of cases of prediabetes in the UK is concerning, particularly in Wales where there is no standard programme of support. The aim of the current service evaluation was to examine the effectiveness of brief lifestyle interventions on glucose tolerance in people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Methods In this pragmatic service evaluation clinical data on people deemed at risk of developing type 2 diabetes were evaluated from two GP clusters. Patients (n = 1207) received a single 15 to 30-min, face-to-face, consultation with a health care practitioner. Interventions were assessed by changes in HbA1c and distribution across the HbA1c ranges 12 months following intervention. Statistical significance of reversion to normoglycaemia and development of diabetes were assessed through comparison with expected rates without intervention. Results Between baseline and 12-month follow-up HbA1c fell from 43.85 ± 1.57 mmol/mol (6.16 ± 0.14%) to 41.63 ± 3.84 mmol/mol (5.96 ± 0.35%), a decrease of 2.22 mmol/mol (0.20%) (95% CI 2.01 (0.18%), 2.42 (0.22%); p < 0.0001). The proportion of people with normal glucose tolerance at 12 months (0.50 95%CI 0.47, 0.52) was significantly larger than the lower (0.06 (p < 0.0001) and the upper (0.19 (p < 0.0001)) estimates based on no intervention. Conclusion Results indicate significant improvement in glucose tolerance across GP clusters. The brief intervention has the potential to offer a robust and effective option to support people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Further research in the form of a randomised trial is needed to confirm this and identify those likely to benefit most from this intervention.
Original languageEnglish
Article number45
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Primary Care
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2022


  • General Practice
  • Lifestyle
  • Prediabetic State
  • Prevention of Diabetes


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