Building the Policy Ecosystem in Europe for Cultivation and use of Perennial Biomass Crops

John Clifton-Brown*, Astley Hastings, Moritz von Cossel, Donal Murphy-Bokern, Jon McCalmont, Jeanette Whitaker, Efi Alexopoulou, Stefano Amaducci, Larisa Andronic, Christopher Ashman, Danny Awty-Carroll, Rakesh Bhatia, Lutz Breuer, Salvatore Cosentino, William Cracroft-Eley, Iain Donnison, Berien Elbersen, Andrea Ferrarini, Judith Ford, Andreas GattingerKarolina Golicz, Jörg Greef, Julie Ingram, Elaine Jensen, Uwe Kuhn, Iris Lewandowski, Elena Magenau, Michal Mos, Heike Meyer, Nadja Kasperczyk, Martin Petrick, Marta Pogrzeba, Ralf Pude, Paul Robson, Carmen Retzler, Rebecca L. Rowe, Anatolii Sandu, Alexander, Anja Schmitt, Kai Uwe Schwarz, Danilo Scordia, Jonathan Scurlock, Anita Shepherd, Judith Thornton, Luisa M. Trindade, Sylvia Vetter, Moritz Wagner, Toshihiko Yamada, Andreas Kiese

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Proceeding (Non-Journal item)


Perennial biomass crops (PBCs) can potentially contribute to all ten Common Agricultural Policy (2023-27) objectives and up to eleven of the seventeen UN Sustainable Development Goals. This paper discusses interlinked issues that must be considered in the expansion of PBC production: i) available land; ii) yield potential; iii) integration into farming systems; iv) research and development requirements; v) utilisation options; and vi) market systems and the socio-economic environment. The challenge to create development pathways that are acceptable for all actors, relies on measurement, reporting and verification of greenhouse gas emissions reduction in combination with other environmental, economic and social aspects. This paper makes the following policy recommendations to enable greater PBC deployment: 1) incentivise farmers and land managers through specific policy measures, including carbon pricing, to allocate their less productive and less profitable land for uses which deliver demonstrable greenhouse gas reductions; 2) enable greenhouse gas mitigation markets to develop and offer secure contracts for commercial developers of verifiable low carbon bioenergy and bio-products; 3) support innovation in biomass utilisation value chains; and 4) continue long-term, strategic research and development and education for positive environmental, economic and social sustainability impacts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event31st European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2023 - Bologna, Italy
Duration: 05 Jun 202308 Jun 2023

Publication series

NameEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings
PublisherETA-Florence Renewable Energies


Conference31st European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2023
Period05 Jun 202308 Jun 2023


  • ecosystem services
  • land use change
  • perennial biomass crops
  • policy recommendations
  • social acceptance
  • upscaling feedstock for the bioeconomy

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