Bulked segregant analysis (BSA) using the technique of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLPTM) was carried out on backcross hybrids between the important pasture species white clover and its relative Trifolium ambiguum. The introgression of the rhizomatous trait fromTrifolium ambiguum, previously shown to be associated with enhanced drought tolerance but which takes eighteen months to manifest itself, was analysed in a series of third generation backcross families with white clover as the recurrent parent. Eleven families differed in the proportions of plants classified according to rhizome content. Three of these families were selected for BSA-AFLP based on the creation of separate DNA pools from plants with large amounts of rhizomes or no rhizomes. Following an initial screen with119 primer combinations, 53 combinations were selected on the basis of the number of clear, reproducible polymorphisms they produced. Polymorphic bands were found that distinguished between rhizomatous and non-rhizomatous bulks in the three families. However, only one polymorphic band was found that unambiguously reflected the presence of the rhizomatous trait in individual plants in these families. This polymorphic band was also shown to be present in the BC2 parent, the BC1 and the original T. ambiguum parent. Given the aneuploid nature of the BC2 plants this band would appear to be a chromosome-specific marker tightly linked to the locus controlling rhizome development. The identification of a consistent marker for the rhizomatous trait opens up the possibility of applying marker assisted introgression and thereby facilitating the rapid incorporation of this trait into diverse germplasm.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2003|
- bulked segregant analysis
- Trifolium ambiguum
- Trifolium repens