CARDINAL-E: AIS Extensions to CARDINAL for Decentralised Self-Organisation for Network Security

Peter Matthew David Scully, Jingping Song, Jules Ferdinand Pagna Disso, Mark Neal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Proceeding (Non-Journal item)


This paper extends the CARDINAL architecture by Kim et al. (2005) to CARDINAL-E. CARDINAL-E keeps the innate immune system behaviour at every computer on the network and relocates the adaptive immune system behaviour to higher performance computers. Two paradigmatic shifts are achieved by this modification. First is the shift from standalone to supportive, otherwise considered as architecturally static to dynamic. This leads to an additional layer of homeostasis at a network-wide level. The intended effect is to leverage unused capacity on networks of heterogeneous machines. Secondly, the change represents a subtle granular shift from “each computer has identical immune system components” to “the network (as a whole) carries all the immune system components”. This is a synthetic network-wide “body” where organs (CARDINAL’s Periphery and Lymph Node components) are finite and proportionate in quantity, and evolve their behaviour over time.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Artificial Life, ECAL
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the Twelfth European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems
EditorsPietro Liò, Orazio Miglino, Giuseppe Nicosia, Stefano Nolfi, Mario Pavone
PublisherMIT Press
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Artificial Immune Systems
  • Network Security
  • Self-Organisation


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