Cartel Biographies: Explaining and Understanding Business Cartel Collusion

Christopher Stephen Peter Harding (Photographer), Jennifer Edwards

Research output: Non-textual formWeb publication/site


Leverhulme Trust funded project 2012-2014. Website methodological papers. (1) Background, Biographical Method, Methodology (project description). (2) Cartel Tales: getting to grips with the biographical method. (3) Anecdote, Vignette and Quantification. (4) Cartel Recidivism: understanding the concept. (5) Ontology: cartel boxing, cartelist circling, cartel orbiting and cartel mapping
Original languageEnglish
Media of outputOnline
Size12,000 words
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • business cartel, sanctions, methodology


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