CeO2-CePO4 and Ag@CeO2-CePO4 nanocomposites from Penaeus semisulcatus for heavy metals sensing, UV shielding and cytotoxic applications

Rajendran Muthukumar Sivaraman, Kirubaharan Daphne Jacinth Gracia, Seth Sheeba Thavamani, Thomas Peter Amaladhas*, Sandhanasamy Devanesan, Mohamad S. AlSalhi, Nassar N. Asemi, Srinivasaprabhu Natarajan

*Corresponding author for this work

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CeO2-CePO4 and Ag@CeO2-CePO4 nanocomposites (NCs) were prepared using Penaeus semisulcatus and characterized by various analytical techniques. The NCs exhibited spherical morphology, with average particle sizes measuring 2.36 nm, 3.30 nm and 29.64 nm for the samples air dried, annealed at 550 °C and 800 °C respectively, and the Selected Area Electron Diffraction patterns from HR-TEM revealed their crystalline nature. In 3d X-ray Photoelectron Spectra (XPS) of NCs, the highest binding energies were observed at 916.46 eV (3d3/2) and 898.16 eV (3d5/2) with spin–orbit splitting of 18.3 eV. The X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) patterns of the NCs showed peaks typical of both CeO2 and CePO4 phases. The Fourier Transform-Infra Red (FT-IR) spectrum contained bands due to Ce-O stretching at 560 cm−1 and PO43- groups at 1008 and 711 cm−1, which was further substantiated by Raman spectrum, which had an intense peak at 468 cm−1 corresponding to F2g band of CeO2 and another peak at 976 cm−1 due to PO43- tetrahedron. In the Ultraviolet-Visible Diffuse Reflectance Spectra (UV-Vis DRS), the broad absorption peak at 352 nm and minor peaks around 300 nm confirmed the formation of CeO2-CePO4 NCs. The green synthesized NCs were excellent fluorescence sensors for Pb2+, Cd2+ and Hg2+ in a wide range of concentrations, from 5.0x10-9 M to 4.0x10-5 M. The concentration Vs. emission fitting plot had three distinctive linear ranges. At a low concentration range (5x10-9 to 3.5x10-7 M), the limit of detection for Pb2+, Cd2+ and Hg2+ was found to be 2.41x10-8, 2.56x10-8 and 3.11x10-8 M. The sensitive detection of a mixture of heavy metal ions in ppb levels by biocompatible NCs gained insight in treating aqueous industrial wastes. Further, NCs showed cytotoxicity and UV shielding properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105382
Number of pages21
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number1
Early online date03 Nov 2023
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2024


  • CeO-CePO nanocomposites
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Penaeus semisulcatus
  • Sensing of heavy metals
  • Sun protection factor


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