Child protection and out-of-home placement experiences of preschool children born to mothers enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment during pregnancy

Rachel E. Lean, Verena E. Pritchard, Lianne J. Woodward*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (SciVal)
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Abstract

Children born to opiate-dependent women engaged in methadone maintenance treatment are at high risk of child welfare concern. However, few studies have examined the early child protection service (CPS) contacts of this group or the risk factors that place some but not other mother-infant dyads at increased risk of serious concern resulting in the removal of the child from the family home. As part of a prospective longitudinal study based in New Zealand, 73 women enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment during pregnancy and 54 non-methadone maintained comparison mothers were recruited during pregnancy and interviewed close to delivery, 18-months and 4.5-years. At each follow-up evaluation, detailed life history methods were used to describe children's family circumstances and all CPS contacts. By 4.5-years postdelivery, methadone maintained mothers were ten-times more likely to have been investigated by child protection services than comparison mothers (59% v. 6%, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1878-1885
Number of pages8
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume35
Issue number11
Early online date24 Sept 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Methadone maintenance
  • Pregnancy
  • Child protection
  • Outcome
  • Child abuse
  • EXPOSED IN-UTERO
  • FOSTER-CARE
  • SUBSTANCE-ABUSE
  • ADDICTED MOTHERS
  • DRUG EXPOSURE
  • OUTCOMES
  • RECOMMENDATIONS
  • INTERVENTION
  • DEPRESSION
  • RETENTION

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