Chromatin immunoprecipitation cloning reveals rapid and erratic evolutionary patterns of centromeric DNA in Oryza species

H. R. Lee, Wenli Zhang, Tim Langdon, Weiwei Jin, Huihuang Yan, Zhukuan K. Cheng, Jiming M. Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

158 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The functional centromeres of rice (Oryza sativa, AA genome) chromosomes contain two key DNA components: the CRR centromeric retrotransposons and a 155-bp satellite repeat, CentO. However, several wild Oryza species lack the CentO repeat. We developed a chromatin immunoprecipitation-based technique to clone DNA fragments derived from chromatin containing the centromeric histone H3 variant CenH3. Chromatin immunoprecipitation cloning was carried out in the CentO-less species Oryza rhizomatis (CC genome) and Oryza brachyantha (FF genome). Three previously uncharacterized genome-specific satellite repeats, CentO-C1, CentO-C2, and CentO-F, were discovered in the centromeres of these two species. An 80-bp DNA region was found to be conserved in CentO-C1, CentO, and centromeric satellite repeats from maize and pearl millet, species which diverged from rice many millions of years ago. In contrast, the CentO-F repeat shows no sequence similarity to other centromeric repeats but has almost completely replaced other centromeric sequences in O. brachyantha, including the CRR-related sequences that normally constitute a significant fraction of the centromeric DNA in grass species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11793-11798
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume102
Issue number33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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