Citizenship and Sovereignty in the Post-Westphalian State

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Traditional concepts of citizenship and sovereignty have come under pressure from the combined challenge of globalization and the subnational revolt. Against this background this article sets out an argument for new visions of the state in which subnational and transnational citizenship are strengthened and in which one central purpose of the state is mediating different loyalties at the subnational, national and international levels. The analysis explores various connections between Bull's reflections on a possible post-Westphalian order in Europe, discourse ethics and the idea of cosmopolitan democracy. The article concludes with some observations about the nature of citizenship in the post-Westphalian state.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-103
Number of pages27
JournalEuropean Journal of International Relations
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 1996


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