Collaborative and consultative participatory plant breeding of rice for the rainfed uplands of eastern India

D. S. Virk, D. N. Singh, S. C. Prasad, J. S. Gangwar, J. R. Witcombe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (SciVal)


We describe a participatory plant breeding (PPB) programme in rice for the rainfed uplands of eastern India. Collaborative participation (farmers grew and selected in segregating materials in their fields) and consultative participation (farmers selected among progenies in researchers’ plots) were used. The PPB was started with only two crosses and, of these, Kalinga III/IR64 was the most successful and produced two released varieties: Ashoka 200F from collaborative breeding and Ashoka 228 from consultative breeding. Both yielded significantly more than control varieties, including Kalinga III, in research trials and in participatory trials in farmers’ fields. Qualitative data from participatory trials were highly informative, statistically analysable, and cheaper to obtain than quantitative data. In low-yielding research-station and on-farm trials the two new upland varieties showed no significant genotype x environment interaction with the check varieties. However, in higher-yielding All India Coordinated Rice Improvement Project trials, both varieties were more adapted to low yielding environments than the national check variety. Farmers liked the varieties for their early maturity, improved lodging resistance, higher
fodder and grain yield, long-slender grains and excellent cooking quality. Before certified seed production, farmer groups have produced large quantities of seed that have spread widely through informal channels. The returns from
PPB, compared to conventional breeding, were higher because it cost less, the genetic gains per year were higher, and the benefits to farmers were realised earlier.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-108
Number of pages14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2003


  • collaborative participation
  • consultative participation
  • eastern India
  • farmeers' peference
  • genotype x environment interaction
  • participatory plant breeding
  • rainfed uplands
  • rice breeding
  • seed suplly
  • upland rice varieties


Dive into the research topics of 'Collaborative and consultative participatory plant breeding of rice for the rainfed uplands of eastern India'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this