Critical Science Plan for the Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope (DKIST)

NSO, DKIST project, and DKIST instrument scientists, DKIST Science Working Group, DKIST Critical Science Plan Community, Mark P. Rast*, Nazaret Bello González, Luis Bellot Rubio, Wenda Cao, Gianna Cauzzi, Edward DeLuca, Bart De Pontieu, Lyndsay Fletcher, Sarah E. Gibson, Philip G. Judge, Yukio Katsukawa, Maria D. Kazachenko, Elena Khomenko, Enrico Landi, Valentín Martínez Pillet, Gordon J.D. Petrie, Jiong QiuLaurel A. Rachmeler, Matthias Rempel, Wolfgang Schmidt, Eamon Scullion, Xudong Sun, Brian T. Welsch, Vincenzo Andretta, Patrick Antolin, Thomas R. Ayres, K. S. Balasubramaniam, Istvan Ballai, Thomas E. Berger, Stephen J. Bradshaw, Ryan J. Campbell, Mats Carlsson, Roberto Casini, Rebecca Centeno, Steven R. Cranmer, Serena Criscuoli, Craig DeForest, Yuanyong Deng, Robertus Erdélyi, Viktor Fedun, Catherine E. Fischer, Sergio J. González Manrique, Michael Hahn, Louise Harra, Vasco M.J. Henriques, Neal E. Hurlburt, Sarah Jaeggli, Shahin Jafarzadeh, Rekha Jain, David Kuridze

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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The National Science Foundation’s Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope (DKIST) will revolutionize our ability to measure, understand, and model the basic physical processes that control the structure and dynamics of the Sun and its atmosphere. The first-light DKIST images, released publicly on 29 January 2020, only hint at the extraordinary capabilities that will accompany full commissioning of the five facility instruments. With this Critical Science Plan (CSP) we attempt to anticipate some of what those capabilities will enable, providing a snapshot of some of the scientific pursuits that the DKIST hopes to engage as start-of-operations nears. The work builds on the combined contributions of the DKIST Science Working Group (SWG) and CSP Community members, who generously shared their experiences, plans, knowledge, and dreams. Discussion is primarily focused on those issues to which DKIST will uniquely contribute.

Original languageEnglish
Article number70
Number of pages88
JournalSolar Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2021


  • Chromosphere
  • Corona
  • Solar photosphere


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