Cyber War and Lessons from History in the Digital Age

Robert G. Hughes, Ryan Shaffer

Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article Review

4 Citations (Scopus)
445 Downloads (Pure)


Much used, although often little understood, the terms ‘cyber warfare’ and ‘cyber conflict’ litter the Internet and the print media in the guise of a variety of revelatory exposes, confessions, exclusives and alarmist headlines. In short, cyber conflict entails activities – at either the state or sub-state level – whereby attempts to damage an adversary through attacking computers, information networks or any other facet of the modern Information Technology (IT) society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-305
Number of pages6
JournalIntelligence and National Security
Issue number2
Early online date06 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2020


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