Cytokinin promotes catalase and ascorbate peroxidase activities and preserves the chloroplast integrity during dark-senescence

Hilda Araceli Zavaleta-Mancera, Humberto López-Delgado, Herminia Loza-Tavera, Martha Mora-Herrera, Claudia Trevilla-Garcia, Martin Vargas-Suárez, Helen J. Ougham

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143 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Increased oxidative stress displayed during dark-senescence of wheat leaves (Triticum aestivum L.) is caused not only by the increased levels of radicals but also by a loss of antioxidant capacity. Mature leaves were incubated in 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP 10−4 M) or water (control) during 6 d in the dark. The senescence-delaying effect of BAP was associated with the retention of the chloroplast structure, 60% of the initial content of chlorophyll (Chl) and 77% of the initial content of protein. BAP reduced the degradation of the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding protein (LHCP-2), and the large (LSU) and small subunits (SSU) of Rubisco. Our results indicated that the presence of the NADPH:protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR, EC.1.6.99.1) was not promoted by the cytokinin, leading to the conclusion that BAP maintains the level of Chl, preventing its degradation, rather than inducing Chl biosynthesis. The internal structure of chloroplasts was maintained in BAP-treated leaves for up to 6 d, with well-organized grana thylakoids and small plastoglobuli; in contrast, chloroplasts of control leaves deteriorated rapidly from day 4 with disorganized internal membranes, and more and larger plastoglobuli. BAP increased the activities of catalase (CAT, EC 1.11.1.6) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX, EC 1.11.1.11) and reduced the level of H2O2 in the delayed-senescence tissue. The present research indicates that BAP reduces levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and enhances the activity of antioxidant enzymes (CAT, APX). Our results suggest that BAP protects the cell membranes and the photosynthetic machinery from oxidative damage during delay of senescence in the dark.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1572-1582
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Plant Physiology
Volume164
Issue number12
Early online date07 May 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03 Dec 2007

Keywords

  • Ascorbate peroxidase
  • Catalase
  • Chloroplast
  • Cytokinin
  • ROS

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