Direct density determination of low- and high-density glassy polyamorphs following a liquid–liquid phase transition in Y2O3–Al2O3 supercooled liquids

Paul F. McMillan*, Martin C. Wilding

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Evidence has been presented for a density-driven phase transition occurring between supercooled liquids in the system Y2O3-Al2O3. The high- and low-density liquids were quenched to metastably coexisting glasses. Chemical analysis showed the compositions of the two glasses to be identical, and it was inferred that they differed in their densities and entropies. The entropy difference has been verified by calorimetry. Here, we confirm that the chemical compositions of the glassy materials derived from the high- and low-temperature liquids are identical. We present a direct density determination of the two. glasses using sink-float techniques. The measured densities are 3.72(3) g/cm(3) for the glass derived from the high-temperature liquid (i.e., the high-density amorphous or HDA polyamorph), and 3.58(1) g/cm(3) for the low-temperature (low-density, LDA) polyamorph. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1015-1025
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume354
Issue number10-11
Early online date14 Sept 2007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Feb 2008

Keywords

  • AMORPHOUS SOLIDS
  • ALUMINATE GLASSES
  • MOLTEN Y3AL5O12
  • HIGH-PRESSURE
  • phases and equilibria
  • POLYMORPHISM
  • SILICON
  • 1ST-ORDER TRANSITION
  • YTTRIUM
  • CRYSTALLINE
  • METASTABLE SOLIDIFICATION

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