Direct selective extraction of titanium silicide Ti5Si3 from multi-component Ti-bearing compounds in molten salt by an electrochemical process

Xingli Zou, Xionggang Lu*, Zhongfu Zhou, Chonghe Li, Weizhong Ding

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Titanium silicide (Ti5Si3) has been extracted directly from complex Ti-bearing compounds by electrodeoxidation. A pressed cylindrical pellet of the multi-component compounds acted as a cathode, and carbon-saturated liquid metal contained in a solid-oxide oxygen-ion-conducting membrane (SOM) tube served as an anode. This electrochemical process was carried out in a molten CaCl2 system at 950-1050 degrees C and 3.5-4.0V. The parameters of electrolysis and the electrolytic characteristics were investigated, and the morphology and phase composition of the final products were examined. Ti5Si3 was directly extracted from Ti-bearing compounds. Electrolysis time, applied potential, and electrolysis temperature are the dominant factors that affect the characteristics of the final products. The mechanisms of the extraction of Ti5Si3 and the removal of metallic elements (Ca. Mg, and Al) are suggested based on our experimental results and theoretical analysis. The optimal conditions of the electrolysis are a temperature of similar to 1050 degrees C and a potential of 3.5-4.0 V. which result in rapid reduction and good product morphology. The excellent oxidation resistance of the extracted Ti5Si3 is confirmed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8430-8437
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume56
Issue number24
Early online date19 Jul 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2011

Keywords

  • IN-SITU COMPOSITES
  • SOLID OXIDE MEMBRANE
  • CALCIUM-CHLORIDE
  • PRECURSORS
  • ELECTROLYTIC REDUCTION
  • 3-PHASE INTERLINES
  • SOM
  • Electrochemical reduction
  • DIOXIDE
  • METAL-OXIDES
  • Ti-bearing compounds
  • TEMPERATURE OXIDATION BEHAVIOR
  • Ti5Si3
  • Molten salts
  • MAGNESIUM-OXIDE

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