Disease History and Life History Predict Behavioral Control of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Hui Jing Lu, Yuan Yuan Liu, Jiaqing O, Shaolingyun Guo, Nan Zhu, Bin Bin Chen, Jennifer E. Lansford, Lei Chang

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It is puzzling why countries do not all implement stringent behavioral control measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19 even though preventive behaviors have been proven to be the only effective means to stop the pandemic. We provide a novel evolutionary life history explanation whereby pathogenic and parasitic prevalence represents intrinsic rather than extrinsic mortality risk that drives slower life history strategies and the related disease control motivation in all animals but especially humans. Our theory was tested and supported based on publicly available data involving over 150 countries. Countries having a higher historical prevalence of infectious diseases are found to adopt slower life history strategies that are related to prompter COVID-19 containment actions by the government and greater compliance by the population. Findings could afford governments novel insight into the design of more effective COVID-19 strategies that are based on enhancing a sense of control, vigilance, and compliance in the general population.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14747049211000714
Number of pages9
JournalEvolutionary Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2021


  • COVID-19 containment
  • Original Research Article
  • disease control efforts
  • fast and slow life history
  • historical pathogen prevalence
  • Behavior Control/legislation & jurisprudence
  • Prevalence
  • Global Health
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • Social Evolution
  • Humans
  • Life History Traits
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • COVID-19/epidemiology
  • Government Regulation
  • Infections/epidemiology
  • Communicable Disease Control/methods


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