Diurnal variation in uptake and xylem contents of inorganic and assimilated N under continuous and interrupted N supply to Phleum pratense and Festuca pratensis

James H. Macduff, A. K. Bakken

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31 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Compensation by dark-period uptake of NH4+ and NO3– in the grasses Phleum pratense L. and Festuca pratensis Huds. following N deprivation during the preceding light period was investigated in flowing solution culture under an artificial 10/14 h light/dark cycle. N was supplied as either NO3–, NH4+ or NH4NO3 at 20±5 mmol m–3, available continuously or only during the dark period, for 5–10 d. Intermittent N supply did not affect total daily N uptake, growth rate or net partitioning of dry matter. Net uptake and influx of NO3– varied similarly throughout the diurnal cycle when NO3– was supplied continuously, with a marginal contribution by NO3– efflux. Influx was significantly higher and efflux slightly higher following interruption of NO3– supply during the light period. Nitrate accounted for 80% of N in xylem exudate except between hours 6–9 of the light period when the amino acid concentration increased 3-fold, primarily as glutamine. Diurnal variation in relative NO3– uptake exhibited five phases of constant acceleration/deceleration, described reasonably well assuming NO3– influx was subject to metabolic co-regulation by NO3– and amino acid levels in the cytoplasmic compartment of the roots. Accordingly, influx is determined by variation in root NO3– levels throughout the dark period and the first half of the light period, but is down-regulated by increased amino acid levels during the second half of the light period. The sharp light/dark transitions affect transpiration rate and hence xylem N flux which, in turn, affect NO3– levels in the cytoplasmic compartment of the roots and the rate of NO3– assimilation in the shoot.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-444
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume54
Issue number381
Publication statusPublished - 02 Jan 2003

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