Drive for leanness and health-related behavior within a social/cultural perspective

David Adrian Tod, Christian Edwards, Gareth Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (SciVal)


We examined relationships between drive for leanness and perceived media pressure to change appearance, internalization of an ideal physique, exercise frequency, and dieting. Men and women (N = 353) completed the Drive for Leanness Scale, the Sociocultural Attitudes Toward Appearance Questionnaire-3, the Eating Attitudes Test-26, and a demographic inventory. Drive for leanness was significantly correlated with athletic internalization (.52), pressure to attain an ideal physique (.25), exercise frequency (.36), and dieting (.25). Structural equation modeling revealed a good fitting model (χ2 = 2.85, p < .241; CFI = .99; NNFI = .98; RMSEA = .04; SRMR = .02) with internalization predicting drive for leanness, which in turn predicted dieting and exercise. Results reveal social/cultural theory helps enhance the understanding of the drive for leanness and its relationship with health-related behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-643
JournalBody Image
Issue number4
Early online date20 Jun 2013
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


  • drive for leanness
  • dieting
  • exercise
  • social/cultural theory
  • internalization
  • body image


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