Drive for leanness and health-related behavior within a social/cultural perspective

David Adrian Tod, Christian Edwards, Gareth Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We examined relationships between drive for leanness and perceived media pressure to change appearance, internalization of an ideal physique, exercise frequency, and dieting. Men and women (N = 353) completed the Drive for Leanness Scale, the Sociocultural Attitudes Toward Appearance Questionnaire-3, the Eating Attitudes Test-26, and a demographic inventory. Drive for leanness was significantly correlated with athletic internalization (.52), pressure to attain an ideal physique (.25), exercise frequency (.36), and dieting (.25). Structural equation modeling revealed a good fitting model (χ2 = 2.85, p < .241; CFI = .99; NNFI = .98; RMSEA = .04; SRMR = .02) with internalization predicting drive for leanness, which in turn predicted dieting and exercise. Results reveal social/cultural theory helps enhance the understanding of the drive for leanness and its relationship with health-related behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-643
JournalBody Image
Issue number4
Early online date20 Jun 2013
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


  • drive for leanness
  • dieting
  • exercise
  • social/cultural theory
  • internalization
  • body image


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