Dry matter production and partitioning in potato plants subjected to combined deficiencies of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium

Peter Dunn Jenkins, S. Mahmood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Three experiments examined effects on growth, dry matter partitioning and nutrient uptake in potato plants grown in large pots under different combinations of adequate and deficient levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. N supply affected the growth of all leaves, with low N reducing both the size of individual leaves and the extent of branch growth. P and K availability affected the growth of later formed leaves and only when both were deficient was branch growth substantially reduced. At later stages of growth, total green leaf area was significantly reduced by deficiency of each of the nutrients. Partitioning of dry matter to tubers was markedly reduced by K deficiency and increased in one experiment by P deficiency. When both P and K were deficient, partitioning approximated that under non-limiting conditions. Leaf weight ratio (LWR) was higher under K deficiency, but not when P was also deficient, and was consistently higher when the ratio of K : P in dry matter was less than approximately five. In these experiments, LWR was not consistently related to shoot N% and N supply had relatively little effect on partitioning. There were large treatment effects on tuber dry matter percentage, characterised by significant interactions especially between N and K. Deficiency of one nutrient increased the concentration of others but uptake was highly regulated as crop content of all three nutrients was reduced when the supply of any one was deficient. The results show that the response of potatoes to single deficiencies may be influenced greatly by the levels of other nutrients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-229
Number of pages15
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Volume143
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003

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