Dual Attention with the Self-Attention Alignment for Efficient Video Super-resolution

Yuezhong Chu, Yunan Qiao, Heng Liu*, Jungong Han

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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By selectively enhancing the features extracted from convolution networks, the attention mechanism has shown its effectiveness for low-level visual tasks, especially for image super-resolution (SR). However, due to the spatiotemporal continuity of video sequences, simply applying image attention to a video does not seem to obtain good SR results. At present, there is still a lack of suitable attention structure to achieve efficient video SR. In this work, building upon the dual attention, i.e., position attention and channel attention, we proposed deep dual attention, underpinned by self-attention alignment (DASAA), for video SR. Specifically, we start by constructing a dual attention module (DAM) to strengthen the acquired spatiotemporal features and adopt a self-attention structure with the morphological mask to achieve attention alignment. Then, on top of the attention features, we utilize the up-sampling operation to reconstruct the super-resolved video images and introduce the LSTM (long short-time memory) network to guarantee the coherent consistency of the generated video frames both temporally and spatially. Experimental results and comparisons on the actual Youku-VESR dataset and the typical benchmark dataset-Vimeo-90 k demonstrate that our proposed approach achieves the best video SR effect while taking the least amount of computation. Specifically, in the Youku-VESR dataset, our proposed approach achieves a test PSNR of 35.290db and a SSIM of 0.939, respectively. In the Vimeo-90 k dataset, the PSNR/SSIM indexes of our approach are 32.878db and 0.774. Moreover, the FLOPS (float-point operations per second) of our approach is as low as 6.39G. The proposed DASAA method surpasses all video SR algorithms in the comparison. It is also revealed that there is no linear relationship between positional attention and channel attention. It suggests that our DASAA with LSTM coherent consistency architecture may have great potential for many low-level vision video applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1140–1151
Number of pages12
JournalCognitive Computation
Issue number3
Early online date15 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2022


  • Dual attention
  • Self-attention alignment
  • Video super-resolution


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